What was the paternalistic ideology of the plantation elite? Slaveholding men used this to justify their dominance over white women and black slaves; saw themselves as the benevolent guardians of an inferior race; women of the planter class raised to be wives, mothers, and subordinate companions to men. ANS: A 35. The paternalistic ideology of the plantation elite a. masked the harsh realities of the slave system and of the treatment of slaves
Under the direction of Bishop William Capers, southern Methodists promoted a plantation mission ideology of paternalism with its mutual obligations and reciprocal duties that reinforced black subservience • Plantations aimed to be self-sufficient. Creating a Plantation Ideology (cont'd) • While men cultivated an paternalistic ideology, the plantation mistress bore the burden of supervising the slave and free household. Coercion and Violence • The slave system rested on coercion and violence plantation elite, the ideology of domesticity and southern white paternalism both enabled and justified a concern for the well being of slaves. As a result of the congruence of domesticity and paternalism, southern women performed a vital role in slaveholding society Why did the ideology of paternalism gain currency among planters in the nineteenth century? Because of the important of honor and dignity masters felt the need to be good masters to enhance their social and political standings in society so paternalism was very important to be seen as honorable What was plantation life like for the slaves
View Test Prep - Quiz Chapter 10 from HISTORY 11 at East Los Angeles College. Question 1 of 15 Score: 0 (of possible 1 point) The paternalistic ideology of the plantation elite A. masked the harshe elite southern ideology, white supremacy, and the social realities that landless whites faced, slaves or become part of a culture modeled on aristocratic ideals of plantation slavery. Growing emphasized the importance of racialized chivalric paternalism, patriarchalism, social hierarchy and white supremacy. Most landless white. as an ideology and as a way of life.3 This sense of paternalism that Genovese mentions was a self-justifying ideology and, with a few exceptions, not a very visible practice in the slaveholding South. The institution of slavery was meant to fully exploit the slaves, while the ideology allowed whites to exercise their superior status wit
Unlike the opening section of Roll, Jordan, Roll, a tour de force that surveyed diaries, plantation records, and letters to delineate the paternalistic ideology, attitudes, and practices of elite. The paternalistic ideology of the plantation elite a. masked the harsher beliefs of rich planters concerning the inferiority of blacks and the importance of makingmoney. asked Apr 18, 2017 in History by FabKid. survey-courses Paternalism allowed slave mistresses the authority as mother over the slaves in the domestic sphere. However, this paternalism never gave total control of the plantation to the mistress. Item 849: Kelloggs and Comstock, The Life and Age of Woman
 Fox-Genovese, Within the Plantation Household, 38, 64, 60-61, 98-99 64.  Fox-Genovese, Within the Plantation Household, 201.  Stephanie McCurry, Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum South Carolina Low Country (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995) 100. Stephanie McCurry, The Two Faces of Republicanism. Planters and Paternalism Planters owned more half of all slaves. Within this class emerged the ideology of paternalism. Planters believed that slaves were an extended part of their family that they cared for and protected. Planters also thought this was necessary because Blacks were a race of perpetual children needing care The Planter Elite: 1. 2.5 % owned 50+ slaves a) Inherited wealth b) Paternalistic ideology - master-slave ideology a) Each plantation was a family composed of black and white b) Master was the head of the family, mistress was his.
B. The Dual Cultures of the Planter Elite 1. Westward movement had a profound im-pact on the small elite of approximately three thousand wealthy planter families of southern society. 2. The plantation elite consisted of two groups: traditional aristocrats of the Old South, and the market-driven entrepre-neurs who made their wealth in the cotton. Plantation Airs: Racial Paternalism and the Transformations of Class in Southern Fiction, 1945-1971. Costello is less interested in the emergence of this ideology in the antebellum period (as a way to legitimate master-slave relations) or the bankrupt paternalism of his elite white heritage. Yet Costello als Slaveholders' paternalism had little to do with ostensible benevolence, kindness, and good cheer. It grew out of the necessity to discipline and morally justify a system of exploitation. At the same time, this book also advocates the examination of masters' relations with white plantation laborers and servants - a largely unstudied subject This essay looks at the ways in which the demands of plantation agri-culture transformed the traditional form of indentured servitude, with its moral-paternalistic ideology of pre-industrial England, into a form of 'proto-slavery' in the West Indies. It was this system that provided the Englis
Southern Paternalism. The World the Slaveholders Made. Two Essays in Interpretation. by Eugene D. Genovese. Pantheon Books. 274 pp. $5.95. Like Eugene Genovese's previous studies of the ante-bellum South, the two essays which comprise this book attempt to examine slave societies through the prism of social class rather than by focusing primarily, as most previous scholars have done, on. . The pater familias was the oldest living male in a household, and could legally exercise autocratic authority over his extended family. The term is Latin for father of the family or the owner of the family estate. The form is archaic in Latin, preserving the old genitive ending in. In this book, Eugene D. Genovese and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese discuss how slaveholders perpetuated and rationalized this romanticized version of life on the plantation. Slaveholders' paternalism had little to do with ostensible benevolence, kindness, and good cheer elite as critical elements of a plantation ideology, while recognizing that power was always the ob ject of contention, and that incessant give-and-take occurred between planters and their overseers, planters and their wives, planters and their slaves (Orser 1989). Indeed, the history of some plant
39. paternalistic ideology 40. plantation mistress 41. Mary Boykin Chesnut 42. violence of slavery 43. proslavery arguments 44. abolitionist 45. William Lloyd Garrison 46. gag rule 47. James Henry Hammond 48. Hinton Helper STUDY SKILLS ACTIVITIES 1. Cooperative Learning: Compare and contrast the Southern and Northern economies. Divide students. The Old Planter Elite ~ 2.5 % were the planter elite (those who owned more than 50 slaves Life ~ Wealthy planters usually lived in isolation with their families and slaves ~ Modeled an English Aristocracy ~ Paternalistic Ideology let plantation owners rationalize the submissiveness of wives and use of slaves ~ Ideology: Master. ment at the hands of members of the white rural elite. Paternalism and political/ It is difficult to disentangle the effects of self-interest and ideology the former plantation regions.
Slavery first spread from the tobacco lands of the Chesapeake colonies to the rice swamps of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. It later became the labor system of the sugar plantations of Louisiana. But the institution got its biggest boost at the end of the eighteenth century, with the invention of the cotton gin Like many of the planter elite, Lloyd's plantation was a masterpiece of elegant architecture and gardens. The grand house of Edward Lloyd V advertised the status and wealth of its owner. In its heyday, the Lloyd family's plantation boasted holdings of forty-two thousand acres and one thousand slaves ideology and culture of slaveholding were not fully developed when Americans declared their independence from Great Britain(p.34). In the chapter Master-class Pluralism he describes how out of the old aristocratic, paternalistic slaveholders a new class of slaveholders emerged: one that wa The Plantation Theory of Politics. Over the past few years, a troubling narrative has emerged about the living conditions of the so-called white working class. Ever since the release of a landmark study detailing higher mortality rates among middle-aged whites without a college degree, the problems facing rural working-class whites have filled.
Focusing on the master-slave relationship in Louisiana's antebellum sugarcane country, The Sugar Masters explores how a modern, capitalist mind-set among planters meshed with old-style paternalistic attitudes to create one of the South's most insidiously oppressive labor systems. Richard Follett explains that in exchange for increased productivity and efficiency sugar planters offered their. 1)Planters occasionally hired the sons of poorer neighbors to do odd jobs around the plantation. So in a way many became dependent on the paternalistic graces of planters. This I suppose shows more of a loyalty to the planters as opposed to the institution of slavery itself 2)Yeomen farmers grew up in a world where slavery was the norm
Eugene Dominic Genovese (May 19, 1930 - September 26, 2012) was an American historian of the American South and American slavery. He was noted for bringing a Marxist perspective to the study of power, class and relations between planters and slaves in the South. His book Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made won the Bancroft Prize. He later abandoned the left and Marxism and embraced. . They span a period of twenty-two years, providing valuable information on early plantation life, society, and economics. Rachel was born in 1774 at a time of great change in America. The customs of the French and Spanish frontier were being replaced by the lifestyle of the Anglo-Saxon settlers who quickly established the grand manner.
. 9 from HIS 103 at Stony Brook University. History 103 Slavery in the Old South, 1790-1850 Nov. 9, 2011 Web Reminders: class etiquette News of note Instructions fo The free labor ideology of the keeping it from becoming an agrarian class antagonism. Elite control was thus exercised through granting the power to control to all whites as such; and plantation hegemony took the form of white solidarity. Eugene Genovese argues that it became an important element of plantation operation. Paternalism.
Plain Folk of the Old South is a 1949 book by Vanderbilt University historian Frank Lawrence Owsley, one of the Southern Agrarians.In it he used statistical data to analyze the makeup of Southern society, contending that yeoman farmers made up a larger middle class than was generally thought Chapter 10: The South and Slavery. Outline. · Natchez-Under-The-Hill. o A tax of $10 per flatboat, designed to rid the wharf district of Natchez-Under-the-Hill in Mississippi of poor flatboatmen, causes protests from those whose cargoes were confiscated for being unable to pay the tax. The militia is called up and disperses the protest Wage slavery is a term used to describe a situation where a person's livelihood depends on wages or a salary, especially when the dependence is total and immediate. It has been used to criticise exploitation of labour and social stratification, with the former seen primarily as unequal bargaining power between labour and capital (particularly when workers are paid comparatively low wages, e.g. Over the past six decades, the historiography of Atlantic slavery and the slave trade has shown remarkable growth and sophistication. Historians have marshalled a vast array of sources and offered rich and compelling explanations for these two great tragedies in human history. The survey of this vibrant scholarly tradition throws light on major theoretical and interpretive shifts over time and. This was due to the ideology among the elite class of paternalism. 'Paternalism was a fragile bridge linking master and servant with mixed benefits for both'. To clarify, the slaves were to carry out tasks submissively and economically, while the masters were to provide the basic needs of the slaves
Although paternalism is a complex concept and has implications for a number of historical debates around the nature of slave labor and masters' economic investment in productive workers, the key aspect of paternalism for the proslavery position was that the ideology produced romantic archetypes of enslaved people that reduced them to specific. To sample more recent studies that consider slave labor and its economic and social consequences look at Ira Berlin, Time, Space, and the Evolution of Afro-American Society on British Mainland North America, American Historical Review 85 (1980), and S. Max Edelson, Plantation Enterprise in Colonial South Carolina (2006) Until recently, scholars have viewed planters as either paternalistic lords who eschewed marketplace values or as entrepreneurs driven to business success. Follett offers a new view of the sugar masters as embracing both the capitalist market and a social ideology based on hierarchy, honor, and paternalism 11. The ideology that Southerners developed to rationalize their treatment of slaves was: b. paternalism. 12. One of the most striking things about the Southern slave system was: a. just how compassionate most white people really were to slaves =D =D =D. No explanations. All objections are moot. 12 Looking at a small parish town in South Carolina, Stephanie McCurry reconstructs the household and local politics of the Old South to reveal how the upper class plantation minority elite was able to convince small and non-slaveholding white southerners (she defines them as yeoman farmers: owning 9 slaves or less) to vote with them in secession and in defense of slavery
persistence of a paternalistic ideology as forces molding the slave system.12 Thus, Islam provided a mechanism of transmission from a retainer-oriented world to a plantation-oriented world which tamed the ideological consequences of the latter.13 Cooper suggests that, had economic forces had a longer time-span i The Sugar Masters: Planters and Slaves in Louisiana's Cane World, 1820-1860 - Kindle edition by Follett, Richard. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Sugar Masters: Planters and Slaves in Louisiana's Cane World, 1820-1860 These literary strategies reveal a potent change in elite white southern consciousness after the Civil War. By 1900, plantation reminiscences that described the Old South as a place of wealth, self-sufficiency, honor, hospitality, and happy master-slave relationships had gained regional, national, and international popularity
It devotes a great deal of attention to these elite families based upon a number of books, manuscripts, and memoirs, both published and unpublished. The writer thoroughly mines the plantation records left by these families. He relies heavily upon Frances Kemble's famous published account of her experiences on one of the Butler plantations Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order. For example, World war II (with quotes) will give more precise results than World war II (without quotes). Wildcard Searching If you want to search for multiple variations of a word, you can substitute a special symbol (called a wildcard) for one or more letters Get an answer for 'According to Unworthy Republic, what historical factors led to the mass displacement of Native Americans in the 1830s?' and find homework help for other Unworthy Republic. Paternalism developed between master and slave because of the close living conditions on the plantation and was reinforced by the closing of the African slave trade, which compelled masters to pay greater attention to the health and reproduction of their labor force socioeconomic classes (based on plantation agriculture, comprador and rentier family wealth), and what passed for members were a few party militants. One outcome of this party structure, which reflected the interests and ideology of the dominant socioeconomic class, was the lack of ideological differentiation between the parties
Our theory of plantation capitalism rests on this concept; that the present economies in the South did not break from the order of the plantation, but rather diversified through new economic mobilizations that employ various social management techniques of subjugation and extraction that have roots in plantation ideology and tradition. This sweeping alternative history of the Democratic Party goes back to its foundations in the antebellum South. The slaveholding elite devised the plantation as a means of organizing labor and political support. It was a mini welfare state, a cradle to grave system that bred dependency and punished any urge to independence Planters were linked by ties of blood and kinship, economic interest, and ideology; the values of the big house—slavery, honor, male domination—washed over the boundaries of plantations and flooded all aspects of southern life. B. Plantation Mistresses : 1
Slavery and the Origins of the Civil War . Eric Foner. Arguably the finest body of literature produced by American historians since 1960 has been the work re-appraising the South's peculiar institution. But before new views could take hold, the traditional interpretation that had dominated the field until the mid-1950s had to be swept away He attempted to make cloves the foundation of a profitable plantation economy. The Omanis expropriated the most fertile land for clove production, and amplified an existing and profitable trade in enslaved Africans. Said created an Omani Arab landholding aristocracy and effectively marginalized the old Swahili elite Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Fatal Self-Deception : Slaveholding Paternalism in the Old South by Elizabeth Fox-Genovese and Eugene D. Genovese (2011, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products
Slavery gave rise to a hierarchical society based on paternalism, an ideology linking dominant and subordinate classes in a complex pattern of mutual responsibilities and obligations Typical Sugar Plantation. According to Claypole plantation lands were divided into several sections: cane fields, pastures lands, woodlands, provision grounds, work yards and living quarters for managers and labourers. Most plantations had from three to five cane fields, each surrounded by closely trimmed trees and walls made of lumber or stone. An colored etching published in London in 1802. (British Museum) The two forces of paternalism and slavery shaped the lives of Loyalist slaveowners in the postwar British Empire. Historians rarely connect these forces in attempts to understand the relationship between refugees, colonial hosts, and British officials The paternalistic language of slavery, the restrictions of slave law, and the circumstances of slave life created a sense of parity between black wives and husbands At the top was a much smaller elite group of white English plantation owners who arrived upon a master plan for social control that has lasted until this day. Basically, the further down you can push people of color, the further down you can push white people too, so long as you allow some small difference in privilege between the two groups
West Virginia's historians have tended to minimize the importance of slavery in the state's formation. With fewer than fifteen thousand slaves in the forty-eight counties that formed the state in 1863, the scarcity of the institution appeared to have had little hold over the region. Charles Ambler and George E. Moore contrasted the slave-based plantation economy of eastern Virginia with. Plain Folk of the Old South is the title of a 1949 book by Vanderbilt University historian Frank Lawrence Owsley, one of the Southern Agrarians. In it he used statistical data to analyze the make-up of southern society, contending that yeoman farmers made up a larger middle class than was generally thought. Historical perspectives Thus, the ideology of a planter—that is, the vocabulary of day-to-day action and experience—must make room for contest and struggle (perhaps couched in paternalistic or racist language), even if doctrine specified an eternal hierarchy Focusing on the master-slave relationship in Louisiana's antebellum sugarcane country, The Sugar Masters explores how a modern, capitalist mind-set among planters meshed with old-style paternalistic attitudes to create one of the South's most insidiously oppressive labor systems. As author Richard Follett vividly demonstrates, the agricultural paradise of Louisiana's thriving sugarcane fields.
Sambos & Minstrels. 151. In the United States, the slave masters needed most of all to find a solution to this contradiction. The solution was the construction of the ideology of paternalism. The Free State of Jones in Trump's America: Freedom Beyond White Imagination. [H]istory is literally present in all that we do. It could scarcely be otherwise, since it is to history. Lost Cause Myth. Jefferson Davis Memorial, Richmond, VA, 2017. Photo courtesy of David Streever. The Lost Cause was a historical ideology and a social movement created by ex-Confederates that characterized the Confederate experience and defined its value for new generations. By the twentieth century, the Lost Cause became enshrined as part of. I am a Cultural History Interpreter in SC. Working at a plantation historic site to bring suppressed history to light is challenging. Prof Sinha's book gives us easily accessible documentation to counter the Lost Cause devotees who appear on the site almost daily. Her writing style is clear and lucid, a trait for which I am extremely grateful
Focusing on the master-slave relationship in Louisiana's antebellum sugarcane country, The Sugar Masters explores how a modern, capitalist mind-set among planters meshed with old-style paternalistic attitudes to create one of the South's most insidiously oppressive labor systems The Sugar Masters: Planters and Slaves in Louisiana's Cane World, 1820-1860 eBook: Follett, Richard: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Stor The Sugar Masters: Planters and Slaves in Louisiana's Cane World, 1820--1860 eBook: Follett, Richard: Amazon.com.au: Kindle Stor DOMESTIC LIFEDomesticity has a homey feel to it, conjuring scenes of enduring warmth, safety, and comforting predictability. From the mid-eighteenth century into the early nineteenth century, however, Americans' domestic lives and the ideal of domesticity itself underwent dramatic changes. In fact, the ideological power and emotional resonance of the term domesticity seem all the more. lower South are devoted to charting paternalism's halting, often contested march from an insurgent ideology (153) at the turn of the century to a tradi-tional and often defensive cultural world view (152) that was widely accepted by whites in the lower South by the 1830s
The Sugar Masters: Planters and Slaves in Louisiana's Cane World, 1820--1860: Follett, Richard: Amazon.com.mx: Libro She counters that most antebellum deaf schools were headed by paternalistic hearing men and staffed by hearing teachers who saw deaf people as inferior and dependent. To reconstruct the southern ideology of deafness, Joyner draws on correspondence within elite families and from southern schools annual reports
Class Instructions Fall 2005 History 457-G. Text: John B. Boles, The South through Time: A History of an American Region (1995) or William J. Cooper and Thomas E. Terrill, The American South: A History (1996) (both optional). Hour Tests: There will be one hour test and a final.The hour test is worth 20% of your grade. The final exam is 40% of your grade Eugene Dominic Genovese (May 19, 1930 - September 26, 2012) was an American historian of the American South and American slavery.He was noted for bringing a Marxist perspective to the study of power, class and relations between planters and slaves in the South. His book Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made won the Bancroft Prize.He later abandoned the left and Marxism and embraced. In contrast, the proper goal of a member of the Southern elite (or a wannabe member of the elite) was the classical (and mythical) plantation lifestyle. While this required wealth, the wealth wasn't the point. The plantation itself was the point, because the plantation served as a living representation of ideological racism The word ideology has a complicated history. In Ideology (1991), Terry Eagleton traces and describes six different origins and uses of the term. Although a comprehensive review is not needed here, a brief explanation of how this concept will be understood is necessary because it has come into such wide, and in many ways such indiscriminate, use